Introduction to ISO:
International Standard Organization is an organization established in 1947, under the non-governmental organization (NGO) which is located in Switzerland, about 150 countries are the member of this organization. The organization provides the standards to avoid the repetition between the parties over requirements, specifications, guidelines, characteristics that may be used consistently to ensure the materials, products, processes, and services are fit for the purpose. These standards are the pure wisdom of the organizations to provide the best presentation, these organizations may manufacturers, trade associations, buyers, sellers, users, regulators, or customers. The purpose of this organization is to provide an identical standard in quality management, energy management, environmental management, food safety, health, and safety, etc. being a part of the International trade market. It is an introduction to ISO (International Standard Organization), there are some popular standards we will discuss below.
ISO 9001:2015-QMS – QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
This Standard provides the Quality Management System when the organizations need to show the statutory and regulatory requirements and the organizations also want to enhance customer satisfaction. This is a generic standard and can be applied to every organization without the consideration of type and size. Probably, this is a widely known quality management standard that is using now today Internationally. This standard is also used for the quality management system that can bring huge financial organizational benefits. It also gives customers a high degree of confidence and assists in keeping the organization ahead of its competitors. This is a Standard that is used and Respected throughout the world.
ISO 14001:2015-EMS – ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
This is an environmental management standard that is applicable in those organizations that are wishing to enhance or improve their existing environmental management performance. This standard may use when the organization wants to sustain environmental responsibility through systemic contribution. The organization itself or the interested parties seeking the outcome through the environmental management system may get this standard. It is also regardless of type, size, and nature of the organization to improve the environmental performance of the organization through compliance of obligations and environmental objectives. This standard is as similar in structure as ISO 9001 that can achieve the smooth integration with this standard and the OHSAS 18001 health and Safety Standard.
ISO 45001:2018 – HEALTH & SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
This is another important standard for the better performance of the organization in the competitive global market which is related to the Health and Safety of the employees also based upon the ISO 9001 standard. It enables the organizations to control the health and safety of its employees and reduce the workplace risk to improve their performance. This standard is for the betterment and safer for the employee’s health during the working condition. This standard is also important to reduce the death ratio while a safe working environment. It provides a recognized way of telling interested parties that health and safety hold priority status within an organization. To assist in the understanding and implementation of this standard OHSAS 18001 provides guidance.
ISO 27001: 2013 – ISMS – Information Security Management System
In this technological era, this standard has important worth in the organization’s life that provides the information security management standard. The purpose of this standard is to help out the organizations to produce the information security management system (ISMS).
This standard is based upon the set of interrelated elements, these elements are used to overcome the security risks and control over the organization’s security system that protects and preserves the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information.
HACCP – HAZARD ANALYSIS CRITICAL CONTROL POINT
The standard is a basic need of the food industries which used to management tool to protect the food supply chain. This standard also provides the production processes against microbiological, chemical & physical hazard contamination. It is pertinent to mention here that this standard has the seven basic principles that are necessary to implement through twelve principles that provide the codex guidelines. The standard also identifies the major causes of foodborne incidence and minimizes the risk of food safety hazards by using a systematic and proactive approach.
ISO 22000: 2005-FSMS – FOOD SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
It is the basic requirement of any food chain organization, it is specifying the food safety management systems. This standard is necessary to measure the standard of the quality of the food while consumption of the human. This standard also provides better food consumption and its control for the organization in the food chain, up to the point of final consumption:
ISO 13485:2003 Medical devices system
This is a medical device standard, not a product standard, but the process standard based upon the ISO 9001. It is organized in the same way, that uses the requirements are taken directly from ISO 9001. However, since ISO 13485 is about medical devices there are requirements specific to this industry.